Glossary :: D
Daniel’s Prophecy
The prophecy contained in Daniel 12:12: “Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.”
‘Abdu’l-Bahá comments in a Tablet to a Kurdish Bahá’í, “Now concerning the verse in Daniel, the interpretation whereof thou didst ask. … These days must be reckoned as solar and not lunar years. For according to this calculation a century will have elapsed from the dawn of the Sun of Truth, then will the teachings of God be firmly established upon the earth, and the Divine Light shall flood the world from the East even unto the West. Then, on this day, will the faithful rejoice!” ‘Abdu’l-Bahá further explains in the same Tablet that the 1,335 years must be reckoned from AD 622, the year of Muḥammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina.
Shoghi Effendi associates Daniel’s reference to the 1,335 days and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s statements about the prophecy with the centenary of Bahá’u’lláh’s declaration of His mission in 1863 and with the world-wide triumph of the Faith. He stressed that the prophecy refers to occurrences within the Bahá’í community, rather than to events in the outside world. While Shoghi Effendi clearly allied the Faith’s triumph with the successful completion of the third teaching plan to be undertaken by the Bahá’ís, in his letters and in those written on his behalf, four specific dates are mentioned as marking the fulfilment of Daniel’s prophecy: 1953, 1957, 1960, and 1963.
Regarding the year 1960 (derived by a lunar reckoning), Shoghi Effendi anticipated, in God Passes By, p. 151, and in a number of his letters, the successful completion of a third Seven Year Plan that was to be inaugurated. Had there been a third Seven Year Plan, it would have concluded in 1960, one hundred lunar years after Bahá’u’lláh’s declaration. When the Ten Year Crusade (1953-63) was announced in 1952, Shoghi Effendi linked its completion with the fulfilment of Daniel’s prophecy. There are also several references in letters written on Shoghi Effendi’s behalf that give 1957 as the date of the prophecy’s fulfilment. In still other letters Shoghi Effendi allies the “hundred lunar years” after Bahá’u’lláh’s declaration with the year 1953, although the significance of this hundred years is unclear.
Thus it seems the prophecy is not fulfilled by a single date but, rather, by a process that extended over a period of time. A letter dated 7 March 1955 written on Shoghi Effendi’s behalf says, “In the Ten Year Crusade, we are actually fulfilling the prophecy of Daniel, because with the completion of the Ten Year Crusade in 1963 we will have established the Faith in every part of the globe.” Thus the fulfilment of the prophecy coincided with the period of the Ten Year Crusade, a span of time that included 1953, 1957, 1960, and 1963.
“High constable.”
See   Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh
“State,” “government.”
The Bábí and early Bahá’ís, many of whom gave their lives as martyrs
See also : The Dawn-Breakers.
Dawn-Breakers, The
See   The Dawn-Breakers
Dawning Place of Revelation
A title of Bahá’u’lláh, or of any Manifestation of God.
Day of Atonement
Yom Kippur
Holiest Jewish Festival
Day of God
An expression used variously, according to context, to refer to the appearance of a Manifestation of God, to the duration of His life on earth, or to the duration of His Dispensation.
It is also used to refer specifically to the advent of Bahá’u’lláh.
A-Z : Day(s) ~ of
Day of Judgement
Also known as the Day of Resurrection.
The time of the appearance of the Manifestation of God, when the true character of souls is judged according to their response to His Revelation.
A-Z : Judgement ~ Day (of);   Resurrection ~ Day (of)
Day of Resurrection
See   Day of Judgement
Day of the Covenant
26 November, the day ‘Abdu’l-Bahá selected for commemorating the inauguration of Bahá’u’lláh’s Covenant.
The Bahá’ís wished to celebrate ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s birthday, but He did not want this because it coincides with the anniversary of the Declaration of the Báb (23 May), when all attention should be given to that sacred event. He gave them instead the Day of the Covenant to celebrate, choosing a date that is six Gregorian months away from the commemoration of Bahá’u’lláh’s Ascension.
See also : Covenant.
A-Z : Day(s) ~ of
The people of Daylam or Delam, a district in the north of Persia, south of the Caspian Sea.
The Daylamites established a semi-independent dynasty in Persia, after conquest of that country by Arabs.
A-Z : Daylamites
Days of Há
See   Ayyám-i-Há
Days, Intercalary
See   Ayyám-i-Há
“I have asked the Guardian concerning the exact meaning of the word ‘Dayspring’. Literally it means ‘Dawn’. It is sometimes used in the sense of ‘Horizon’ or ‘Rising point’, and taken figuratively it is equivalent to fountain or source. It can also be used as referring to a Manifestation of God, as in the following expression ‘Dayspring of Truth’.”   (From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi to an individual believer, February 19, 1935). (Lights of Guidance by Helen Bassett Hornby, page 479).
A-Z : Dayspring
Dayspring of Divine Guidance
A title of Bahá’u’lláh.
See also : Dayspring.
Title given by the Báb to Asadu’lláh of Khoy, a devoted and distinguished believer.
Was the third to recognize Bahá’u’lláh’s true station before His Declaration. Murdered in Baghdád by the followers of Mírzá Yaḥyá (See The Dawn-Breakers p. 303.)
A plant. It has been described as “bitter and thorny, loathsome in smell and appearance—a fit plant for Hell, like Zaqqum”   (
An Arabian term meaning “clad in armor” applied to Mullá ‘Abdu’lláh the arch-killer of Imám-Ḥusayn.
A main Zoroastrian Scripture
See also : Ahura Mazda;   Avesta;   Zarathustra and Zarathustrianism
A-Z : Zoroast(er)(rian(s))
A unit of weight, originally to measure silver.
Derived from the Greek drachma. It is still in use in some Arab states. The dirham has had varying values at various times and in various states.
For more detailed information, consult Wikipedia at
The period of time during which the laws and teachings of a Prophet of God have spiritual authority. For example, the Dispensation of Jesus Christ lasted until the beginning of the Íslámic Dispensation, usually fixed at the year AD 622, the year Muḥammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina. The Íslámic Dispensation lasted until the advent of the Báb in 1844. The Dispensation of the Báb ended when Bahá’u’lláh experienced the intimation of His mission in the Síyáh-Chál, the subterranean dungeon in Ṭihrán in which He was imprisoned between August and December 1852.
The Dispensation of Bahá’u’lláh will last until the advent of the next Manifestation of God, which Bahá’u’lláh asserts will occur in no less than one thousand years.
A-Z : Dispensation(s)
Divine Elixir
Symbolic reference to the Elixir of the alchemists, that was supposed to transform base metals into gold.
A-Z : Elixir ~ Divine
Divine Essence
A-Z : Essence ~ of God
Divine Lote-Tree
‘Abdu’l-Bahá: By the symbolic Tree of Anísá is meant the divine Lote-Tree, the Tree of Life (Bahá’u’lláh)
In general usage,the term “Lote-tree” is an archaism that has been used to refer to the nettle tree; to the jujube tree identified with the mythical lotus-fruit in Homer’s Odyssey; to the date-plum tree; and to the lotus-lily, erroneously thought to be a tree.
In Bahá’í usage it is a reference to the Sadratu’l-Muntahá, meaning literally in Arabic “the furthermost Lote-Tree,” translated by Shoghi Effendi as “the Tree beyond which there is no passing”—in ancient times, the tree that Arabs planted to mark the end of a road.
In Islam this term is used to symbolize the point in the heavens beyond which neither humans nor angels can pass in their approach to God and thus delimits the bounds of divine knowledge as revealed to humankind.
It is used as a symbol in the Bahá’í writings to denote the Manifestation of God in His Day.
A-Z : Sadratu’l-Muntahá
Divine Pen
A title of Bahá’u’lláh.
A-Z : Pen
Divine Plan
The Plan for the dissemination of the Faith of Bahá’u’lláh throughout the world, conceived by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and entrusted to the Bahá’ís of North America in fourteen letters called the Tablets of the Divine Plan. The Divine Plan was implemented by Shoghi Effendi and is pursued today under the guidance of the Universal House of Justice.
Teaching Plans undertaken within the framework of the Divine Plan include the first Seven Year Plan (1937-44); the second Seven Year Plan (1946-53) pursued at first by the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada and extended by supplementary plans adopted with the approval or at the behest of Shoghi Effendi by the British Isles, Egypt and the Sudan, Germany, India, Írán, and ‘Iráq; and the Ten Year World Crusade (1953-63), all of which were inaugurated by Shoghi Effendi, and the Nine, Five, Seven, Six, Three, and Four Year Plans launched by the Universal House of Justice.
The Divine Plan is divided into epochs. The first epoch included the years 1937-63. We continue to be in the second epoch. The epochs of the Divine Plan are different from those of the Formative Age.
See also : Ten Year World Crusade;   Epochs;   Plans;   Tablets of the Divine Plan.
A-Z : Plan ~ Divine, of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
Divine Threshold
See   Sacred Threshold
Clergy, priesthood.
Dunn, Clara
See   Clara Dunn
Dunn, Hyde
See   John Henry Hyde Dunn