1863 — 1941
A distinguished American Bahá’í to whom the Guardian
paid tribute, referring to her as a “veteran and outstanding teacher” whose example he hoped younger Bahá’ís would study and follow.
For a brief account of her life and service to the Faith, see The Bahá’í World 9: 608.
1869 — 1945
Henrietta Emogene Martin Hoagg
An outstanding early American Bahá’í who traveled widely to teach the Faith both nationally and internationally, and whom Shoghi Effendi
summoned to Haifa in 1931 for the purpose of typing The Dawn-Breakers
, which he was translating from Persian to English.
For a brief account of her life and service to the Faith, see The Bahá’í World 10: 520-26.
Major units of time used to mark the unfoldment of the Divine Plan
and the Formative Age
“… it is important to comment on the use of the term ‘epoch’ in the writings of the Guardian. In a letter dated 18 January 1953, written on his behalf to a National Spiritual Assembly
, it is explained that the term is used to apply both to the stages in the Formative Age of the Faith, and to the phases in the unfoldment of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
’s Divine Plan. (Universal House of Justice, “A Wider Horizon, Selected Letters 1983-1992”, p. 177)
The first epoch of the Divine Plan included the years 1937-63, for whose execution the machinery of the Administrative Order
was erected (1921-37) and during which the Faith was expanded throughout the Western Hemisphere (1937- 1944/46) and then extended beyond the Western Hemisphere and Europe to the rest of the world. We are now in the second epoch of the Divine Plan.
The first epoch of the Formative Age (1921-46) began with the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in 1921 and ended with the conclusion of the first Seven Year Plan pursued by the Bahá’ís of North America under Shoghi Effendi
The second epoch of the Formative Age (1946-63) began with the launching of the second Seven Year Plan and the adoption of similar plans by other national communities throughout the Bahá’í world and ended with the conclusion of the Ten Year World Crusade
and the election of the Universal House of Justice.
The third epoch of the Formative Age (1963-86) included the Nine, Five, and Seven Year Plans formulated by the Universal House of Justice.
The fourth epoch of the Formative Age began in 1986. Its inception was marked by the participation of National Spiritual Assemblies in formulating their own goals for the Six Year Plan (1986-92).
In a letter to the Bahá’ís of the World dated 16 January 2001, the Universal House of Justice stated that the Faith had entered the fifth epoch of the Formative Age. Its inception was marked by “the change in culture of the Bahá’í community as training institutes emerged, as the construction projects on Mount Carmel
approached their completion, and as the internal processes of institutional consolidation and external processes towards world unity became more fully synchronized.”
For more information on the epochs of the Formative Age, see The Universal House of Justice, Messages 1963 to 1986, Message 451, p. 710.
Major Fertile Crescent river running through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq, much of it parallel to the Tigris River.
European Teaching Committee
With one of the primary goals of the second Seven Year Plan
being to bring the message of Bahá’u’lláh
to ten European countries, the National Spiritual Assembly
of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada appointed a European Teaching Committee in 1946 to coordinate the dispatch of pioneers and to see to the translation and publication of Bahá’í literature into all of the necessary languages.
At the Guardian
’s request, an auxiliary office of their committee was set up in Geneva, Switzerland, as an adjunct to the International Bahá’í Bureau