The Arabic word “ziná,” here translated as “adultery
,” signifies both fornication and adultery. It applies not only to sexual relations between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse, but also to extramarital sexual intercourse in general. One form of “ziná” is rape. The only penalty prescribed by Bahá’u’lláh is for those who commit fornication (see note 77
); penalties for other kinds of sexual offence are left to the Universal House of Justice to determine.